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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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citizens who are all the more important to us as we have lost so many at
the hands ^of the Germans, Furthermore we are threatened with the loss
on Soviet initiative of the whole eastern part of our territory. No wonder,
then, that Polish public opinion is embittered.
Stalin :   The territory we have lost is larger than the whole of Poland.
Romer : But the Red Army has already reconquered vast regions and
will undoubtedly regain everything. And, moreover, these territories are
only a small part of the Soviet Union,
Stalin : Mr. Ambassador, after the Red Army has beaten the Germans
on Russian soil it will enter Polish territory and help to chase the Germans
out of Poland and then it will immediately return these lands to the Polish
Government, and then, Mr. Ambassador, will you say that this will be a
unilateral action adversely affecting good mutual relations ?
Romer :   It will not be as bad as that.
Stalin : Mr. Ambassador, we want a strong Poland, we shall give 3vou
the whole of German-occupied Poland regardless of the fact that we "are
being insulted (niesmotria na to tshto nas rugayut). But we can take these
insults on our shoulders !
Romer : Thank you, Mr. President, for those words. I shall remember
them. And do you agree with me as to the need for coming to a mutual
agreement regarding the problem of the citizenship of Poles at present in
the U.S.S.R. and of further relief and assistance for them from our own
resources ?
Stalin : There will be Poles who wish to acquire Soviet citizenship.
Molotov : We are, of course, referring to citizens other than those from
Western Ukrainian or Western White Ruthenian territories. This problem
should furthermore be examined for the purpose of determining the
citizenship of persons whose presence in those territories was only temporary.
Romer : According to what Mr. President has said, the will of the
persons concerned must be given consideration. Since on the strength of
an understanding between the two governments it will be made possible
for such persons to express their wishes quite freely, I have no doubt that
the atmosphere will be easily and smoothly cleared, since all those in whom
we are interested will never reconcile themselves to the thought of parting
with their Polish citizenship.
Stalin : It must nevertheless be carried out in accordance with our
legislation relating to citizenship. The problem of persons serving in the
Red Army presents another difficulty. Out of a desire to evade further
service, they may express their wish to go, say to Australia in the capacity
of Polish citizens. Desertion might thus be facilitated. Apart from the
will of the persons concerned, other considerations will therefore have to
be taken into account. The nationality of such people and their origin
will have to be looked into.
Romer : A problem of vital interest to me in this connection is that of
our children. There are several tens of thousands in the Soviet Union
and they will be of great value to the future of resurrected Poland. From
the point of view of bringing to agreement our conflicting views on citizen-
shipj we attach great importance to the fate of the orphans. We should
like to make it possible for these orphans to go to other countries where
they would find favourable conditions of existence and education and be
a minimum financial burden to the Polish Government.
Stalin : In accordance with our legislation this depends on a variety of
factors. It is difficult to generalise.
Romer : I think that the problem of citizenship can only be resolved
by means of a formal, bilateral agreement.